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足彩任九复式投注表:中級美國英語 - 第四十八課 以 tive和 ity 結尾的詞匯

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一.本課要點及示例

在這一課里, 我們學習一些以 i-v-e 結尾的形容詞, 比方active, impressive 跟一 些以 i-t-y 結尾的名詞, 比方 possibility, popularity 等等. 另外, 我們也要學習一 些跟新聞傳播有關系的詞匯.

現在我們先來聽今天這一課的對話,內容是說亨利跟女兒琳達談到了看電視新 聞的事情. 請你注意聽兩位英文老師的發音和語調.

F: Dad, what are you watching on television?

M: I'm watching the news, Linda. Why don't you join me and watch it too?

F: The news is boring. It's always the same thing.

M: You should know what's going on in the world. There's always the possibility that things could affect you.

F: I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.

M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.

F: Well, if you want me to watch the news with you, can we change to Channel 7?

M: Why?

F: Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

現在英文老師再把整段對話念一遍, 請你注意聽.

F: Dad, what are you watching on television?

M: I'm watching the news, Linda. Why don't you join me and watch it too?

F: The news is boring. It's always the same thing.

M: You should know what's going on in the world. There's always the possibility that things could affect you.

F: I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.

M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.

F: Well, if you want me to watch the news with you, can we change to Channel 7?

M: Why?

F: Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

下面我們來聽老師把對話里包含了我們今天要學的一些詞匯的句子再念一遍.

M: There's always the possibility that things could affect you.

F: I like things that are more active, more creative and more entertaining.

M: If you watched the news regularly, you would find it very informative.

F: Because the anchor-man on Channel 7 has a personality.

二.以-TIVE 和 -SIVE 結尾的形容詞

首先我們練習一些以 t-i-v-e 結尾的形容詞. 這些形容詞都是從動詞演變來的.

練習的作法是由男老師念動詞, 然后女老師把這個動詞演變成的形容詞念出 來, 接著男老師用那個形容詞作句子, 女老師就照樣重復一遍. 下面就是一個 例子.

M: act

F: active

M: Reporters are active in gathering news.

F: Reporters are active in gathering news.

這組練習里的句子都是說到電視記者的工作, 比方新聞界競爭激烈, 記者們忙 著跑新聞, 盡量把消息告訴觀眾, 希望作到消息又新又快; 他們必須要文筆好 又得知道觀眾的喜好,因為他們知道觀眾可以自由選擇節目, 不受歡迎的節目 就會被淘汰等等. 現在請你注意聽, 并且跟女老師一起把句子重復一遍.

M: act

F: active

M: Reporters are active in gathering news.

F: Reporters are active in gathering news.

M: inform

F: informative

M: They want to be as informative as possible.

F: They want to be as informative as possible.

M: select

F: selective

M: They know the viewers are selective.

F: They know the viewers are selective.

M: sense

F: sensitive

M: They are sensitive to viewers' tastes.

F: They are sensitive to viewers' tastes.

M: create

F: creative

M: They do creative writing on news items.

F: They do creative writing on news items.

M: compete

F: competitive

M: They have to be competitive to do a good job.

F: They have to be competitive to do a good job.

M: repeat

F: repetitive

M: They try not to be repetitive.

F: They try not to be repetitive.

下面我們再作一組練習, 復習我們剛才教的詞匯. 練習的內容還是談到電視記 者的工作. 練習的作法是老師提出一個問題. 比方 "記者們設法塑造一個好形 象嗎? " Do reporters try to create a good image? 請你作肯定的答覆: Yes, they try to create a good image. 在你回答之后, 老師會把正確答案念一遍給你聽.

M: Do reporters act fast when something happens?

F: Yes, they act fast when something happens.

M: Are they active in gathering news?

F: Yes, they are active in gathering news.

M: Is their job to inform people?

F: Yes, their job is to inform people.

M: Are their reports generally informative?

F: Yes, their reports are generally informative.

M: Are viewers free to select good programs?

F: Yes, they are free to select good programs.

M: Are viewers selective?

F: Yes, they are selective.

M: Do reporters sense what viewers like to watch?

F: Yes, they sense what viewers like to watch.

M: Are they sensitive to viewers' tastes?

F: Yes, they are sensitive to viewers' tastes.

M: Do they try to create a good image?

F: Yes, they try to create a good image.

M: Do they do creative writing on news items?

F: Yes, they do creative writing on news items.

M: Do they compete with other reporters?

F: Yes, they compete with other reporters.

M: Are the news media competitive?

F: Yes, the news media are competitive.

M: Do reporters sometimes repeat what was reported?

F: Yes, they sometimes repeat what was reported.

M: Do they try not to be repetitive?

F: Yes, they try not to be repetitive.

下面我們學習幾個以s-i-v-e 結尾的形容詞.這些形容詞也是由動詞演變而來的, 比方 "延伸" extend 變成 "廣泛的" extensive, "說服" persuade 變成 "有說服力 的" persuasive, "滲透" pervade 變成 "深遠的" pervasive, "觸怒" offend 變成 "冒犯人的" offensive 等等. 現在我請男老師念動詞, 請女老師念形容詞, 然后 男老師用形容詞作一個句子,請你跟女老師一起把句子重復一遍. 現在開始.

M: extend

F: extensive

M: American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.

F: American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.

M: impress

F: impressive

M: The election coverage is impressive.

F: The election coverage is impressive.

M: offend

F: offensive

M: They avoid making offensive reports.

F: They avoid making offensive reports.

M: persuade

F: persuasive

M: Their analyses and comments are quite persuasive.

F: Their analyses and comments are quite persuasive.

M: pervade

F: pervasive

M: They have pervasive influence on the public opinions.

F: They have pervasive influence on the public opinions.

下面我們再以問答方式把剛才教的形容詞復習一遍.首先請你注意聽男老師問 問題, 然后請你一一的作肯定的答覆. 每作完一句老師就會把正確答案念給你 聽. 現在開始.

M: Do American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election?

F: Yes, American newspapers give extensive reports on the presidential election.

M: Is the election coverage impressive?

F: Yes, the election coverage is impressive.

M: Do they avoid making offensive reports?

F: Yes, they avoid making offensive reports.

M: Are their analyses and comments persuasive?

F: Yes, their analyses and comments are persuasive.

M: Do they have pervasive influence on the general public?

F: Yes, they have pervasive influence on the general public.

三.以-ITY結尾的名詞

下面我們學習幾個由形容詞演變而成的名詞. 這些名詞都是以 i-t-y 結尾, 比方 "能力" ability,"可靠性" credibility,"活動" acitivity,"敏感度" sensitivity 等等. 現 在我請男老師念形容詞, 女老師念名詞, 接著男老師用形容詞作個句子, 然后 女老師就改用名詞說出意思相同或是相關的句子. 這些句子說到一位名字叫 瓦特, 很有名的電視記者.他的報導深入,可靠,很受歡迎等等.現在請你注意聽.

M: active

F: activity

M: Walter is very active.

F: He is interested in political activities.

M: able

F: ability

M: He is able to do in-depth reports.

F: He has the ability to do in-depth reports.

M: credible

F: credibility

M: His reports are credible.

F: He has high credibility.

M: sensitive

F: sensitivity

M: He is sensitive to the interests of the public.

F: He has a sensitivity to the interests of the public.

M: popular

F: popularity

M: He is very popular with audiences.

F: He enjoys popularity with audiences.

M: possible

F: possibility

M: It is possible that some Chinese have heard of him.

F: There is a possiblity that some Chinese have heard of him.

下面我們用問答方式練習剛才教的名詞. 練習的作法是由老師根據剛才念過的 句子提出問題, 請你作肯定的答覆; 在你回答之后老師會把正確答案念一遍給 你聽.

M: Is Walter interested in political activities?

F: Yes, Walter is interested in political activities.

M: Does he have the ability to do in-depth reports?

F: Yes, he have the ability to do in-depth reports.

M: Does he have high credibility?

F: Yes, he have high credibility.

M: Does he have a sensitivity to the interests of the public?

F: Yes, he have a sensitivity to the interests of the public.

M: Does he enjoy popularity with audiences?

F: Yes, he enjoys popularity with audiences.

M: Is there a possibility that some Chinese have heard of him?

F: Yes, there is a possibility that some Chinese have heard of him.

四.聽短文回答問題

我們今天要聽的文章談到美國的新聞媒介. 文章里除了說到一般民眾依賴新聞 傳播了解國際情況, 同時也描寫新聞界為了迎合一般民眾的口味而爭先恐后搶 新聞的情景.

現在請你注意聽.

The news media in the U.S. consist of radio, television and newspapers. Together they are pervasive on the lives of many Americans and influential on their daily routines.

Many Americans begin their day reading the newspaper or watching a morning news program on television while drinking their coffee. While driving to work, the news can be heard on the car radio. Throughout the day the news is broadcast repeatedly on the radio and television.

In the evening news is a prime feature on television with up to two hours of news in the early evening and more news late at night. For those who prefer reading, the evening newspaper offers the reader the possibility of reading the news others see and hear on television.

The news media are free of government control. It is up to the general public to choose what to read, watch or listen to. Therefore, the media must have a sensitivity to the interests of the public.

News is big business. However, it is a very competitive business, as each station or each newspaper competes for audiences and readers. Each tries to present the news Americans want to know. When an item becomes newsworthy,such as an election or a war, Americans will become familiar with the most minute details as the news media scramble to be as informative as possible. But the result is that the news becomes repetitive.

As the news media report the same news items estimated to be the most interesting and impressive, listeners, viewers or readers might find it difficult to be selective.

Nevertheless, most Americans would not criticize their news media too harshly.

The credibility of the news media is generally acknowledged and accepted by the American public.

現在請你回答下面三個問題. 在你回答之后, 老師會念正確答案給你聽.

第一個問題是:

M: How do Americans get the news?

F: They get the news through radio, television and newspapers.

第二個問題是:

M: When can Americans get the news?

F: They can get the news in the morning, throughout the day and in the evening.

第三個問題是:

M: How do the news media compete for audiences and readers?

F: They try to report what Americans want to know as fast as possible.

網友的學習評論(6條):
作者:lsr
They get the news through radio, television and newspapersThey can get the news in the morning, throughout the day and in the evening.They try to report what Americans want to know as fast as possible
作者:Ada.jiang
the news also black.
作者:Ada.jiang
in fact,i feel diffcult that reporters is very much competitive.
作者:Ada.jiang
the credibility of our department manager is not acknowledged and accepted by the we. because his ability is so bad.
作者:Maggie
學了好些單詞。
作者:Ada.jiang
I have heard it.
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